Golf, a cross-country game in which a player hits a small ball with several clubs from a series of starting points (starting fields) to a series of holes on a course. The player who pierces his ball with the least number of strokes wins. Golf is a club and ball sport in which players use several clubs to hit the balls in a series of holes on a course with as few strokes as possible. Unlike most sports, the best score in golf is the lowest score.
In a game of golf, each player will play 18 holes where they will try to get the ball into the cup with the least amount of strokes. A blow is counted each time the golfer contacts the ball. While modern golf originated in 15th century Scotland, the game's ancient origins are unclear and are much debated. To do this, they evaluate and grade the courses according to the good average score of a ghost golfer, a player with a handicap of around 20.
Game play is a different form of scoring that uses the number of holes won by each golfer to decide who is the winner. However, a golfer with a drive that can travel 280 yards (260 m) but who often doesn't fly in a straight line will be less able to position his ball advantageously; the ball can catch, pull, draw, fade, push or cut outside the intended line and fall outside limits or into rough or danger, so the player will need many more strokes to drill. Mastering the teaching of golf requires not only technical and physical skill, but also knowledge of the rules and etiquette of the game. They are the course score, which is the expected score for a scratch golfer without a handicap, and the slope score, which is a measure of how much worse a bogey golfer (with a handicap of around 20) is expected to play than a scratch golfer relative to their handicap.
When a golfer can't find his golf ball in play, he must return to his previous position and hit again, also adding an additional blow to his score. If a golfer hits a shot outside limits or against a water hazard, the player must make another shot and an extra blow is applied to his score as a penalty. Once the ball stops, the golfer hits it again as many times as necessary with shots known as a layup, approach, throw or chip, until the ball reaches the green, where it then puts the ball in the hole (commonly called sinking the putt or holing out). Many golfers wear golf shoes with metal or plastic spikes designed to increase traction, allowing for longer and more accurate shots.
Every hole on a golf course has a designated torque, which is the score that a skilled golfer would normally score. Par 3, 4 and 5 holes are common on golf courses; much more rarely, courses can have par 6 and even par 7 holes. A golfer's number of strokes on a hole, course, or tournament is compared to their respective even score and is then indicated as the number where the golfer was below or above par, or if it was equal to par. Golf is played with the lowest number of strokes by an individual, known as a stroke game, or the lowest score on most individual holes in a full round by an individual or team, which is known as a match game.
At the beginning of the 19th century, there was no agreement on the number of holes on a golf course; the locations differed widely in terms of subject matter. The rules of golf define an amateur golfer as “one who plays the game solely as a non-lucrative and non-profit sport.